Inserisci Infobox

OS Guide: Mandrake

The OpenSkills Guide for Experienced Linux sysadmin: Mandrake

Mandrake - /etc/syslog
Autore: al - Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-11-14 10:03:40 - Data di creazione: 2004-11-14 10:03:40
Tipo Infobox: STDOUT - Skill: 2- JUNIOR

Compared to other distros, Mandrake's /etc/syslog.conf has some particular settings that place some of its logs in unusual places.

[[email protected] root]# cat /etc/syslog.conf
# Various entry
auth,authpriv.*                                                 /var/log/auth.log
*.*;auth,authpriv.none                                          -/var/log/syslog
user.*                                                          -/var/log/user.log

# Log anything (except mail) of level info or higher.
# Don't log private authentication messages!
*.info;mail.none;;news.none;authpriv.none                                       -/var/log/messages

# The authpriv file has restricted access.
authpriv.*                                                      /var/log/secure

# Mail logging
mail.=debug;mail.=info;mail.=notice                             -/var/log/mail/info
mail.=warn                                                      -/var/log/mail/warnings
mail.err                                                        -/var/log/mail/errors

# Cron logging
cron.=debug;cron.=info;cron.=notice                             -/var/log/cron/info
cron.=warn                                                      -/var/log/cron/warnings
cron.err                                                        -/var/log/cron/errors

# Kernel logging
kern.=debug;kern.=info;kern.=notice                             -/var/log/kernel/info
kern.=warn                                                      -/var/log/kernel/warnings
kern.err                                                        /var/log/kernel/errors

# Lpr logging
lpr.=debug;lpr.=info;lpr.=notice                                -/var/log/lpr/info
lpr.=warn                                                       -/var/log/lpr/warnings
lpr.err                                                         -/var/log/lpr/errors

# News logging
news.=debug;news.=info;news.=notice                             -/var/log/news/news.notice
news.=crit                                                      -/var/log/news/news.crit
news.=err                                                       -/var/log/news/news.err

# Daemons logging
daemon.=debug;daemon.=info;daemon.=notice                       -/var/log/daemons/info
daemon.=warn                                                    -/var/log/daemons/warnings
daemon.err                                                      -/var/log/daemons/errors


# Everybody gets emergency messages
*.emerg                                                         *

# Save mail and news errors of level err and higher in a
# special file.
uucp,news.crit                                                  -/var/log/spooler

# Save boot messages also to boot.log
local7.*                                                        -/var/log/boot.log

# Explanations from Mandrake Linux configuration tools
local1.*                                                        -/var/log/explanations
*.* /dev/tty12

Mandrake - Installlation logs
Autore: al - Ultimo Aggiornamento: 2004-09-17 13:11:12 - Data di creazione: 2004-09-17 13:11:12
Tipo Infobox: STDOUT - Skill: 3- INTERMEDIATE

Mandrake's installation tool DrakX stores a lot of information in the directory /root/drakx:
/root/drakx/stage1.log Displays the system information gathered during the first CD boot
/root/drakx/install.log Shows the installed packages and relative warnings.
/root/drakx/auto_inst.cfg.pl Is a perl script summarizing the installation settings that can be used to repeat unattended installations with the same parameters, a ready to dump floppy image to replay the same installation is also created: replay_install.img
/root/drakx/ddebug.log Is a verbose debug of the full installation choices using DrakX.

[[email protected] drakx]# ls -l /root/drakx/
total 2024
-rw-r--r--  1 root root   11975 Apr 22 21:51 auto_inst.cfg.pl
-rw-r--r--  1 root root  441097 Apr 22 21:51 ddebug.log
-rw-r--r--  1 root root   42381 Apr 22 21:50 install.log
-rw-r--r--  1 root root     245 Apr 22 21:51 README
-rw-r--r--  1 root root 1474560 Apr 22 21:51 replay_install.img
-rw-r--r--  1 root root   88375 Apr 22 21:51 report.bug.gz
-rw-r--r--  1 root root    2212 Apr 22 21:51 stage1.log

[[email protected] al]# cat /root/drakx/stage1.log
* welcome to the Mandrake Linux install (mdk-stage1, version 10.0 built Mar 29 2004 10:17:15)
* opening /proc/cmdline...
*       initrd=alt0/all.rdz ramdisk_size=128000 root=/dev/ram3 acpi=ht vga=788 automatic=method:cdrom BOOT_IMAGE=alt0
* AUTOMATIC MODE: got 1 params
*       got 7 args
* spawning a shell
* cannot open shell - /tmp/sh doesn't exist
* loading modules dependencies
* PCMCIA: probing PCI bus..
*       ENE Technology CB1411 found, 2 sockets (driver yenta_socket).
* have to insmod pcmcia_core
* needs pcmcia_core
*       succeeded pcmcia_core
* have to insmod yenta_socket
* needs yenta_socket
*       succeeded yenta_socket
* have to insmod ds
* needs ds
*       succeeded ds
* CM: cardmgr/hacked starting, version is 3.1.29
* CM: watching 1 sockets
* CM: warning, Card Services release does not match kernel (generally harmless)
* cardmgr rc: 0
* PCI: device 8086 24d2 ffff ffff is "", driver is usb-uhci
* have to insmod uhci-hcd
* needs usbcore
* needs uhci-hcd
*       succeeded uhci-hcd
* PCI: device 8086 24d4 ffff ffff is "", driver is usb-uhci
* PCI: device 8086 24d7 ffff ffff is "", driver is usb-uhci
* PCI: device 8086 24dd ffff ffff is "", driver is ehci-hcd
* have to insmod ehci-hcd
* needs ehci-hcd
*       succeeded ehci-hcd
* PCI: device 104c 8026 ffff ffff is "", driver is ohci1394
* have to insmod ohci1394
* needs ieee1394
* needs ohci1394
*       succeeded ohci1394
* have to insmod usbkbd
* needs usbkbd
*       succeeded usbkbd
* have to insmod keybdev
* needs keybdev
* file-not-found-in-archive keybdev.ko (maybe you can try another boot floppy such as 'hdcdrom_usb.img')
* warning, insmod failed (keybdev (null)) (2)
* AUTOMATIC: parameter cdrom for method means returning CDROM drive
* have to insmod ide-cd
* needs cdrom
* needs ide-cd
*       succeeded ide-cd
* looking for ide media
* IDE/1: hda is a TOSHIBA MK6021GAS
* IDE/0: hdc is a HL-DT-STCD-RW/DVD DRIVE GCC-4241N
* mounting /dev/hdc on /tmp/image as type iso9660
* have to insmod isofs
* needs isofs
*       succeeded isofs
* found a Mandrake Linux CDROM, good news!
* Total Memory: 512 Mbytes
* trying to load /tmp/image/Mandrake/base/mdkinst_stage2.bz2 as a ramdisk
* mounting /dev/ram3 on /tmp/stage2 as type ext2
* stage1: disconnecting life support systems

[[email protected] drakx]# cat/root/drakx/install.log
ldconfig-2.3.3-10mdk.i586.rpm
sash-3.6-5mdk.i586.rpm
pwdb-conf-0.61.2-3mdk.i586.rpm
libtermcap2-2.0.8-35mdk.i586.rpm
bash-2.05b-16mdk.i586.rpm
glibc-2.3.3-10mdk.i586.rpm
/var/tmp/rpm-tmp.60640: line 24: rm: command not found
%post(glibc-2.3.3-10mdk) scriptlet failed, exit status 127
chkconfig-1.3.8-5mdk.i586.rpm
[...]
MySQL-client-4.0.18-1mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-manual-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
apache2-mod_ssl-2.0.48-6mdk.i586.rpm
43 semi-random bytes loaded
Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus
..++++++
..........................................................++++++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.

There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
1. Country Name             (2 letter code) []:2. State or Province Name   (full name)     []:3. Locality Name            (eg, city)      []:4. Organization Name        (eg, company)   [WWW.ADVX.ORG TEMPORARY CERTIFICATE localhost.i1WNod]:5. Organizational Unit Name (eg, section)   [For Testing Purposes Only]:6. Common Name              (eg, CA name)   [localhost.i1WNod]:7. Email Address            (eg, [email protected]) []:Signature ok
subject=/O=WWW.ADVX.ORG TEMPORARY CERTIFICATE localhost.i1WNod/OU=For Testing Purposes Only/CN=localhost.i1WNod
Getting Private key
writing RSA key
43 semi-random bytes loaded
Generating RSA private key, 1024 bit long modulus
....++++++
............................................++++++
e is 65537 (0x10001)
You are about to be asked to enter information that will be incorporated
into your certificate request.
What you are about to enter is what is called a Distinguished Name or a DN.
There are quite a few fields but you can leave some blank
For some fields there will be a default value,
If you enter '.', the field will be left blank.
-----
1. Country Name             (2 letter code) []:2. State or Province Name   (full name)     []:3. Locality Name            (eg, city)      []:4. Organization Name        (eg, company)   [localhost.i1WNod]:5. Organizational Unit Name (eg, section)   [localhost.i1WNod]:6. Common Name              (eg, DOMAIN NAME)   [localhost.i1WNod]:7. Email Address            (eg, [email protected]) []:Signature ok
subject=/O=localhost.i1WNod/OU=localhost.i1WNod/CN=localhost.i1WNod
Getting CA Private Key
writing RSA key
apache2-mod_suexec-2.0.48-1mdk.i586.rpm
audacity-1.2.0-1mdk.i586.rpm
bash-completion-20040101-2mdk.noarch.rpm
bison-1.875-4mdk.i586.rpm
crack-attack-music-1-2mdk.noarch.rpm
crack-attack-sounds-1-2mdk.noarch.rpm
dia-0.92.2-2mdk.i586.rpm
dump-0.4b34-2mdk.i586.rpm
efax-0.9a-2mdk.i586.rpm
grub-doc-0.93-5mdk.i586.rpm
[...]
XFree86-server-4.3-30mdk.i586.rpm
NVIDIA_kernel-smp-2.6.3.7mdk-5336-6mdk.i586.rpm
NVIDIA_kernel-2.6.3.7mdk-5336-6mdk.i586.rpm
NVIDIA_GLX-5336-6mdk.i586.rpm

[[email protected] drakx]# cat /root/drakx/auto_inst.cfg.pl
#!/usr/bin/perl -cw
#
# You should check the syntax of this file before using it in an auto-install.
# You can do this with 'perl -cw auto_inst.cfg.pl' or by executing this file
# (note the '#!/usr/bin/perl -cw' on the first line).
$o = {
       'printer' => {
                      'BROWSEPOLLADDR' => undef,
                      'configured' => {},
                      'MANUALCUPSCONFIG' => undef,
                      'BROWSEPOLLPORT' => undef,
                      'DEFAULT' => undef,
                      'SPOOLER' => undef
                    },
       'libsafe' => 0,
       'security_user' => '',
       'netc' => {
                   'NETWORKING' => 'yes',
                   'DHCP' => 'yes',
                   'NET_DEVICE' => 'eth0'
                 },
       'default_packages' => [
                               'locales',
                               'locales-en',
                               'msec',
                               'perl',
                               'kernel-smp-2.6.3.7mdk',
                               'vim-enhanced',
                               'grub',
                               'eject',
                               'gnupg',
                               'hotplug',
                               'urw-fonts',
                               'wget',
                               'netprofile',
                               'urpmi',
                               'mpage',
                               'bootsplash',
                               'foomatic-filters',
                               'foomatic-db-engine',
                               'ghostscript',
                               'mandrake_desk',
                               'XFree86',
                               'gurpmi',
                               'lynx',
                               'sane-backends',
                               'binutils',
                               'galaxy-kde-kwin',
                               'kdemultimedia-kmix',
                               'mandrake-mime',
                               'python',
                               'kdebase-progs',
                               'mdkkdm',
                               'kdebase-servicemenu',
                               'perl-libwww-perl',
                               'printer-testpages',
                               'psutils',
                               'libtool',
                               'mtools',
                               'procmail',
                               'libstdc++5-devel',
                               'ImageMagick',
                               'apache2',
                               'gcc',
                               'groff',
                               'mailx',
                               'openssh-clients',
                               'qiv',
                               'rsync',
                               'OpenOffice.org',
                               'XFree86-server',
                               'a2ps',
                               'drakfirsttime',
                               'ghostscript-module-X',
                               'gimp',
                               'hylafax-client',
                               'iptables',
                               'lesstif',
                               'm4',
                               'menudrake',
                               'mkisofs',
                               'ppdfilt',
                               'printer-filters',
                               'userdrake',
                               'libsane-hpoj1',
                               'libsnmp0',
                               'OpenIPMI',
                               'XFree86-75dpi-fonts',
                               'alsa-utils',
                               'apache2-mod_php',
                               'at',
                               'autoconf',
                               'cdrecord',
                               'coreutils-doc',
                               'crack-attack',
                               'cvs',
                               'devfsd',
                               'dhcp-client',
                               'dmidecode',
                               'drakconf',
                               'draksync',
                               'enscript',
                               'foomatic-db',
                               'ftp-client-krb5',
                               'galaxy-gnome',
                               'gimpprint',
                               'gpr',
                               'harddrake',
                               'hdparm',
                               'hexedit',
                               'kdegraphics-kghostview',
                               'kdegraphics-kooka',
                               'kdemultimedia-common',
                               'kdeutils-kdepasswd',
                               'kdeutils-kfloppy',
                               'ldetect',
                               'lshw',
                               'magicdev',
                               'mdkonline',
                               'mkxauth',
                               'myspell-hyph-it',
                               'ndiswrapper',
                               'nfs-utils-clients',
                               'nmap',
                               'openssh-server',
                               'pcmcia-cs',
                               'postgresql',
                               'printer-utils',
                               'reiserfsprogs',
                               'rfbdrake',
                               'rpmdrake',
                               'rxvt',
                               'samba-client',
                               'samba-server',
                               'sane-frontends',
                               'scli',
                               'slocate',
                               'strace',
                               'sudo',
                               'telnet-client-krb5',
                               'tmpwatch',
                               'usbview',
                               'words',
                               'xchat',
                               'xmms',
                               'xojpanel',
                               'xpp',
                               'zip',
                               'libqt3-devel',
                               'libarts1-devel',
                               'libkdecore4-devel',
                               'aspell-en',
                               'fonts-ttf-vera',
                               'myspell-en_AU',
                               'myspell-en_CA',
                               'myspell-en_GB',
                               'myspell-en_US',
                               'myspell-hyph-en',
                               'myspell-it_IT',
                               'OpenOffice.org-l10n-en',
                               'kdebase-kdm',
                               'kdebase-kate',
                               'kdebase-kdeprintfax',
                               'kdebase-konsole',
                               'man',
                               'mozilla',
                               'libkdepim2-common-devel',
                               'libncurses5-devel',
                               'gnucash',
                               'gphoto2',
                               'automake',
                               'bind-utils',
                               'gcc-c++',
                               'icewm-light',
                               'patch',
                               'libkdemultimedia1-common-devel',
                               'libkdemultimedia1-noatun-devel',
                               'apache2-mod_perl',
                               'dvd+rw-tools',
                               'gqview',
                               'ispell-en',
                               'k3b',
                               'kdegames',
                               'kdegraphics-common',
                               'kdepim-kaddressbook',
                               'kdepim-knotes',
                               'kdepim-korganizer',
                               'proftpd',
                               'rpm-build',
                               'sharutils',
                               'tkinter',
                               'libkdebase4-kate-devel',
                               'libkdebase4-nsplugins-devel',
                               'libkdeedu1-devel',
                               'libkdegames1-devel',
                               'libkdegraphics0-common-devel',
                               'libkdegraphics0-kooka-devel',
                               'libkdegraphics0-kpovmodeler-devel',
                               'libkdegraphics0-ksvg-devel',
                               'libkdegraphics0-kview-devel',
                               'libkdemultimedia1-kscd-devel',
                               'libkdenetwork2-kopete-devel',
                               'libkdepim2-kaddressbook-devel',
                               'libkdepim2-kmail-devel',
                               'libkdepim2-knode-devel',
                               'libkdepim2-kontact-devel',
                               'libkdepim2-korganizer-devel',
                               'libkdepim2-kpilot-devel',
                               'libkdesdk1-cervisia-devel',
                               'libkdesdk1-devel',
                               'libkdesdk1-kbabel-devel',
                               'libkdetoys1-devel',
                               'libkdeutils1-common-devel',
                               'libkdeutils1-ksim-devel',
                               'libkdevelop3-devel',
                               'libkoffice2-devel',
                               'libquanta0-devel',
                               'libquanta0-kfilereplace-devel',
                               'libquanta0-kommander-devel',
                               'apache2-manual',
                               'apache2-mod_ssl',
                               'apache2-mod_suexec',
                               'audacity',
                               'bash-completion',
                               'bison',
                               'crack-attack-music',
                               'crack-attack-sounds',
                               'dia',
                               'dump',
                               'efax',
                               'emacs-X11',
                               'flex',
                               'fonts-ttf-decoratives',
                               'fonts-ttf-west_european',
                               'frozen-bubble',
                               'galaxy-kde',
                               'gdb',
                               'gettext-devel',
                               'giftrans',
                               'gnome-media',
                               'gnomemeeting',
                               'gnucash-hbci',
                               'gnucash-ofx',
                               'grub-doc',
                               'gtk-engines',
                               'info',
                               'ipvsadm',
                               'kbear',
                               'kde-i18n-en_GB',
                               'kde-i18n-it',
                               'kdeaddons-konqimagegallery',
                               'kdeaddons-noatun',
                               'kdeaddons-searchbar',
                               'kdeartwork-kde-classic',
                               'kdebase-nsplugins',
                               'kdegraphics-kdvi',
                               'kdegraphics-kfax',
                               'kdegraphics-kpaint',
                               'kdegraphics-ksnapshot',
                               'kdegraphics-kuickshow',
                               'kdegraphics-kview',
                               'kdemultimedia-kaudiocreator',
                               'kdemultimedia-kscd',
                               'kdenetwork-kdict',
                               'kdenetwork-kget',
                               'kdenetwork-knewsticker',
                               'kdenetwork-kopete',
                               'kdenetwork-ksirc',
                               'kdenlive',
                               'kdepim-karm',
                               'kdepim-kontact',
                               'kdesdk',
                               'kdeutils-ark',
                               'kdeutils-kcalc',
                               'kdeutils-kcharselect',
                               'kdeutils-kdessh',
                               'kdeutils-kedit',
                               'kdeutils-khexedit',
                               'kdeutils-kwalletmanager',
                               'krozat',
                               'lbreakout2',
                               'lftp',
                               'lilo-doc',
                               'lisa',
                               'ltrace',
                               'man-pages',
                               'mc',
                               'metamail',
                               'mirrordir',
                               'mountloop',
                               'mplayer-gui',
                               'nfs-utils',
                               'nmap-frontend',
                               'open',
                               'perl-Mysql',
                               'perl-Term-Readline-Gnu',
                               'perl-devel',
                               'php-mysql',
                               'planner',
                               'postgresql-server',
                               'proftpd-anonymous',
                               'qt3-example',
                               'quanta',
                               'rcs',
                               'rdist',
                               'recode',
                               'rgrep',
                               'routed',
                               'rpm-rebuilder',
                               'screen',
                               'smb4k',
                               'symlinks',
                               'texinfo',
                               'tftp',
                               'totem',
                               'traceroute',
                               'tuxracer',
                               'xine-arts',
                               'xmms-alsa',
                               'xmms-arts',
                               'xmms-esd',